The specialty which deals with the replacement of teeth and parts of teeth for
function and aesthetics.

The requirements include a Master of Dental Science Degree and specialist
registration. Prosthodontists specialize in crowns, bridges, veneers, implants
and dentures.

Prosthodontics is the only registered specialty dealing with:
- Full mouth reconstruction (rehabilitation)
- Cosmetic and aesthetic dentistry
- Replacement of teeth and parts of teeth including:


Implants

Dental implants are titanium screws, which are surgically placed into the
jawbone and restored with screw-retained crowns or multiples of crowns.

In multiples, they can be fixed or removable. Generally they are placed by
Periodontists or Oral Surgeons and then restored by a Prosthodontist.

A Prosthodontist is usually consulted first to do the planning, and he/she then
refers the patient to the appropriate surgeon. Careful treatment planning is
required needing special x-rays and often models to decide upon the correct
site for the placement of the implants for maximum aesthetic and functional
effect.

Not all patients are suitable, but in appropriate cases, the success rate is in
excess of 90%. Single teeth or all teeth can be replaced. Treatment may take
six months or more, or in suitable cases it can be done on the same day.


Before implant

After Implant

Crowns

Crowns are caps made from porcelain or porcelain supported by a suitable
metal (for extra strength) made to match the adjacent teeth in shape, size and
colour. They are used to restore heavily filled or weakened teeth and sometimes
to improve the appearance of teeth.

Bridges

Bridges are cemented prostheses, using crowns on adjacent teeth to support a
missing tooth or teeth.

Before Maryland Bridge


After Maryland Bridge


Veneers

Veneers are generally made from thin porcelain and cemented onto the front of
teeth to improve the appearance of a smile, or the shape and colour of a tooth or
teeth. Before constructing veneers, the dentist needs to carefully assess the
forces that are likely to be acting on them and the best manner to prepare and
design them for optimum aesthetic and functional effect. Often x-rays and wax
and/or plastic try in models need to be made and tried in the mouth, which
allows both the dentist and the patient to see what the new smile will look like
before going ahead with treatment. In some cases such as heavy bites or
weakened teeth, veneers are not suitable and crowns need to be made instead.

Before Veneers


After Veneers